To extract the perfect espresso, here are the types of equipment needed;

  1. Espresso machine
  2. Grinder
  3. Scale
  4. Portafilter
  5. Tamper
  6. FIltered water
  7. Good quality coffee, and
  8. Timer 

Before you commence your shot, preheat the portafilter and the cup by extracting a blank shot. To extract a blank shot, allow water through the portafilter inside the cup without utilizing an espresso machine. 

Must Read: How Long Should A Single Shot Of Espresso Take

Furthermore, there are five techniques used in extracting espresso,

  1. Grinding
  2. Dosing
  3. Leveling and Distribution
  4. Tamping
  5. Pour

An espresso machine can be used to brew all kinds of coffee.

Must Read: Best Super Automatic Espresso Machine Under 1000

Step 1: Grinding

To enjoy a tasty espresso at home, get a coffee flavor by grinding your beans before pulling your shot. The beans grind texture is very important: if it is too fine, you will get a slow over-extracted shot that tastes bitter and burnt; if the texture is coarse. If it will be fast, you will get an under-extracted shot that can be weak, watery and sour taste. 

Step 2: Dosing

The process of distributing coffee from the dosing chamber into the portafilter is called dosing. The key to dosing is distribution if you want to make sure your coffee is evenly distributed throughout the portafilter.

Step 3: Leveling and Distribution

In the process of grinding, the grounds will be unevenly distributed into the portafilter. So, you have to make sure you push the coffee grounds to fill up into the portafilter like when filling a hole so that it will be evenly distributed when it comes in contact with the tamper.

Therefore, the aim of leveling and distribution is to make sure the coffee is evenly distributed evenly across the puck.

Step 4: Tamping   

The tamper is used to confine the finely ground coffee into the portafilter. This can be done by aligning your wrist in the elbow and press down about 40-45 degrees with pressure. Make sure you rub off all the excess coffee particles on the body of the portafilter.

Step 5: Pour

Spit a little water out from the espresso machine by purging your group head, then engage the portafilter and begin your shot. Your espresso is ready within the time frame of 26 seconds.


Image credits: Unless otherwise stated: ©Angela Darroch, ©Pro Stock Media via or ©

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About Susan 101 Articles
Hi, I am Susan. I love the art of cooking and I love life! Also am keen to inspire you and try out new ways of cooking. Here on My Golden Pear I write about the latest food trends, recipes and share my travel discoveries. As I am German by birth, you will also find many authentic German recipes here. Enjoy!

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